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References and Suggested Readings

1Aeschlmann 2003. The role of Multidrug Efflux Pumps in the Antibiotic Resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and other Gram negative bacteria. Pharmacotherapy 22(7): 916-924.

2Alekshun MN and Levy S. 2007. Molecular Mechanisms of Antibacterial Multidrug Resistance. Cell. 128:1037-1050.

3Baquero F and Blàazquez J. 1997. Evolution of Antibiotic Resistance. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 12(12):482-487.

4Berger-Bächi B. 2002. Resistance Mechanisms of Gram Positive Bacteria. International Journal of Medical Microbiology. 292:27-35.

5Bush 1988. Beta-lactamase inhibitors from laboratory to clinic. Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 1(1):10-9-103.

6Courvalin P. 1996.  The garrod Lecture: Evasion of Antibiotic Action by Bacteria.  Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 37:855-869.

7Depardieu F, Podglajen, Leclercq R, Collatz E and Courvalin P. 2007. Modes and Modulations of Antibiotic resistance Gene Expression. Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 20(1):79-114.

8Ehrlich, 1907 P. Ehrlich, Chemotherapeutische trypanosomen-studien, Berliner Klinische Wochenzeitschrift 44.

9Fàbrega A, Sànchez-Cespedes J, Soto S and Vila Jordi. 2008. Quinolone Resistance in the Food Chain.  International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. 31:307-315.

10Fleming A. 1945. Penicillin. Nobel Lecture delivered December 11, 1945.

11Fluit ADC, Visser MR, Schmitz FJ. 2001. Molecular Detection of Antimicrobial resistance. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 14(4):836-871.

12Forbes BA, Sahm DF, Weissfeld AS. 1998. Bailey And Scott’s Diagnostic Microbiology, 10th edn. Mosby Inc., St. Louis Missouri, USA.

13Giguère S. 2006. Antimicrobial Drug Action and Interaction: An Introduction. Antimicrobial therapy in Veterinary Medicine 4th edn , S Giguère, JF Prescott, JD Baggot, RD Walker and PM Dowling, eds. Blackwell Publishing, Ames Iowa, USA.

14Gillespie SH. 2001. Antibotic Resistance in the Absence of selective Pressure. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. 17:171-176.

15Higgins CF. 2007. Multiple Molecular Mechanisms for Multidrug resistance Transporters. Nature. 446749-757.

16Kolàř M, Urbànek K and Làtal T. 2001. Antibiotic Selective Pressure and Development of Bacterial Resistance. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 17:357-363.

17Kumar A and Schweizer HP. 2005.  Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics: Active Efflux and Reduced Uptake.  Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews. 57:1486-1513.

18Lambert PA. 2005. Bacterial resistance ro Antibiotics: Modified Target Sites.  Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews. 57:1471-1485.

19Levy SB. 2002. The Antibiotic Paradox, 2nd edn. Perseus Publishing, USA

20Martinez JL and Baquero F. 2000.  Mutation frequencies and antibiotic resistance.  Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 44(7):1771-1777.

21Nordmann P and Poirel L. 2005. Emergence of Plasmid-Mediated Resistance to Quinolones in Enterobacteriaceae. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 56:463-469.

22Poole K. 2005 Efflux-mediated Antimicrobial Resistance.  Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 56:20-51.

23Roe MT and Pillai SD. 2003. Monitoring and Identifying Antibiotic resistance Mechanisms in Bacteria. Poultry Sciencei 82:622-626.

24Rouveix B. 2007. Clinical implications of multiple drug resistance efflux pumps of pathogenic bacteria. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 59: 1208-1209.

25Sköld O. 2000. Sulfonamide Resistance: Mechanisms and Trends. Drug Resistance Updates 3:155-160.

26Turnidge J and Peterson DL. 2007. Setting and Revising Antibacterial Susceptibility Breakpoints. Clinical Microbiology Reviews. 20(3):391-408.

27Walsh C. 2000. Molecular Mechanisms that Confer Antibacterial Drug Resistance.  Nature. 406:775-781.

28Watts JL and Lindeman CJ. 2006. Chapter 3: Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing of Bacteria of Veterinary Origin. Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria of Animal Origin, FM Aarestrup, ed. ASM Press, Washington DC, USA.

29White DG, McDermott PF and Walker RD. 2003. Chapter 5: Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing Methodologies. Microbial food Safetry in Animal Agriculture Current Topics. ME Torrence and RE Isaacson, eds. Iowa State Press, Iowa, USA.

30Witte W. 2000. Selective Pressure by Antibiotic Use in Livestock. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. 16:S19-S24.


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