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References

1Aarestrup FM, Seyfarth AM, Emborg HD, Pedersen K, Hendriksen RS, Bager F. 2001. Effect of Abolishment of the Use of Antimicrobial Agents for Growth Promotion on Occurrence of Antimicrobial Resistance in Fecal Enterococci from Food Animals in Denmark. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 45(7):2054-2059.


2American Veterinary Medical Association. 2005. Judicious Therapeutic Use of Antimicrobials.  Accessed Online June, 2008.


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9Gootz TD. 1990. Discovery and Development of New Antimicrobial Agents.   Clinical Microbiology Reviews 3(1)13-31.


10Guardabassi L and Courvalin P. 2006. Modes of Antimicrobial Action and Mechanisms of Bacterial Resistance. Antimicrobial Resistance in Bacteria of Animal Origin. FM Aarestrup, ed.ASM Press, Washington DC, USA.


11Haas LF. 1999. Papyrus of Ebers and Smith. Journal of Neurology and Neurosurgical Psychiatry 67:578.


12Hare R. 1983. The Scientific Activities of Alexander Fleming, Other Than the Discovery of Penicillin.  Medical History. 27:347-372


13Inglis GD, McAllister TA, Busz HW, Yanke LJ, Morck DW, Olson, ME, Read RR. 2005. Effects of Subtherapeutic Administration of Antimicrobial Agents to Beef Cattle on the Prevalence of Antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter hyointestinalis.  Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 71(7):3872-3881.


14Jukes TH. 1997. Recollections: Vitamins, Metabolic Antagonists, and Molecular Evolution. Protein Science 6:254-256.


15Keyes K, Lee MD, Maurer JJ. 2003. Antibiotics: Mode of Action, Mechanisms of Resistance and Transfer. Microbial Food Safetry in Animal Agriculture Current Topics. ME Torrence and RE Isaacson, eds. Iowa State Press, Ames, Iowa, USA.


16Levy SB. 2002. The Antibiotic Paradox, 2nd edn. Perseus Publishing, USA


17Luangtongkum T, Morishita TY, Ison AJ, Huang S, McDermott PF, Zhang Q. 2006. Effect of Conventional and Organic Production Practices on the Prevalence and Antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter spp. In Poultry. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72(5):3600-3607.


18Mellon, M., Benbrook, C., and Benbrook, K.L., 2001. Hogging It! Estimates of Antimicrobial Abuse in Livestock. Union of Concerned Scientists, Cambridge.  Accessed online, June, 2008.


19
Otten H. 1986. Domagk and the Development of the Sulphonamides. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 17:689-696.


20Petri WA Jr. 2007. Book and Media Reviews: The First Miracle Drugs: How the Sulfa Drugs Transformed Medicine by John E. Lesch.  Journal of American Medical Association. 297(13):1494-1495.


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Sanchez JEG, Sanchez EG and Marcos MLM. 2006. Antibacterial Agents in the Cinema. Rev Esp Quimioterap. 19(4):397-402.


22Schwartz RS. 2004. Paul Ehrlich’s Magic Bullets. New England Journal of Medicine 350(11):1079-1080.


23Shane B and Carpenter KJ. 1997. Biographical Article: E.L. Robert Stokstad (1913-1995).  Journal of Nutrition. 127:199-201.


24T.E.C. Jr. 1970. What Were Godfrey’s Cordial and Dalby’s Carminative? Pediatrics 45:1011.


25Thoburn AL. 1983. Paul ehrlich: Pioneer of chemotherapy and cure by Arsenic. Nritish Journal of Venereal Diseases. 59:404-405.


26United States General Accounting Office. 2004.  Antibiotic Resistance: Federal Agencies Need to Better Focus Efforts to Address Risk to Humans from Antibiotic Use in Animals. Report to Congressional Requesters.   Accessed Online June, 2008.


27Weese JS. 2006. Prudent Use of Antimicrobials. Antimicrobial therapy in Veterinary Medicine 4th edn , S Giguère, JF Prescott, JD Baggot, RD Walker and PM Dowling, eds. Blackwell Publishing, Ames Iowa, USA.


28Winau F, Westphal O, and Winau R. 2004. Paul Ehrlich 0 in search of the Magic Bullet. Mibrobes and Infection. 6:786-789.

 

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