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9. References

  1. USDA. 2005.  Part IV: Antimicrobial Use on U.S. Dairy Operations, 2002.  USDA:APHIS:VS:CEAH, National Animal Health Monitoring System, Fort Collins, CO #N430.0905
  2. Raymond MJ, Wohrle RD, and Call DR. Assessment and Promotion of Judicious Antibiotic Use on Dairy Farms in Washington State. J Dairy Sci 2006 89:3228-3240.
  3. Biosecurity Practices of U.S. Dairy Herds.  Info Sheet.  Veterinary Services. USDA:APHIS:VS.  May 1996.
  4. Colostrum Feeding. APHIS Info Sheet. USDA:APHIS:VS:CEAH, December 2002.
  5. Morrill JL, Morrill JM, Feyerherm AM, and Laster JF. Plasma Proteins and a Probiotic as Ingredients in Milk Replacer. J Dairy Sci 1995 78:902-907.
  6. Quigley, JD III, Drewry JJ, Murray LM, and Ivey SJ. Body Weight Gain, Feed Efficiency, and Fecal Scores of Dairy Calves in Response to Galactosyl-Lactose or Antibiotics in Milk Replacers. J Dairy Sci 1997 80:1751-1754.
  7. Reminder - Medicated Milk Replacers Can Cause Antibiotic Residues in Bob Veal Calves. CVM Update. FDA:Center for Veterinary Medicine. July 29, 2004
  8. Berge AC, Lindeque P, Moore DA, and Sischo WM. A Clinical Trial Evaluating Prophylactic and Therapeutic Antibiotic Use on Health and Performance of Preweaned Calves. J Dairy Sci 2005 88:2166-2177.
  9. Heinrichs AJ, Wells SJ, and Losinger WC. A Study of the Use of Milk Replacers for Dairy Calves in the United States. J Dairy Sci 1995 78:2831-2837.
  10. Braidwood JC and Henry NW. Clinical efficacy of chlortetracycline hydrochloride administered in milk replacer to calves. Vet Rec. 1990;127:297 - 301.
  11. Schifferli D, Galeazzi RL, Nicolet J, Wanner M. Pharmacokinetics of oxytetracycline and therapeutic implications in veal calves. J Vet Pharmacol Ther. 1982;5:247-57.
  12. Luthman J, Jacobsson SO, Bengtsson B, Korpe C.  Studies on the bioavailability of tetracycline chloride after oral administration to calves and pigs. Zentralbl Veterinarmed A. 1989;36:261-8.
  13. Palmer GH, Bywater RJ, Stanton A.  Absorption in calves of amoxicillin, ampicillin, and oxytetracycline given in milk replacer, water, or an oral rehydration formulation. Am J Vet Res. 1983;44:68-71.
  14. NAHMS Dairy 2007.  USDA:APHIS:VS Centers for Epidemiology and Animal Health, 2150 Centre Ave, Bldg B. Fort Collins, CO 80526  http:\\


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