15. Colostrum Management
Dr. Karl also discusses Chuck's management practices and how they might be updated. He stresses the importance of a good colostrum management program and ensuring that calves receive the highest quality colostrum at birth.
- Quality: Give high quality colostrum containing 50 mg/ml of IgG or with a specific gravity of > 1.010 using a colostrometer.
- Quantity: Give 4 liters of colostrum at the first feeding to achieve a serum immunoglobulin level of >1000mg/100ml, which can be tested 24 hours after feeding using an immunoglobulin snap-test. The snap-test measures the levels of immunoglobulins in the calves' blood.
- Promptness: Feed colostrum within the first 2–6 hours of life.
- Cleanliness: Use fresh colostrum, collected by using clean milking technique and equipment, in order to minimize bacterial contamination.