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Antimicrobial resistance: a global problem

Antibiotic resistance was initially viewed as only being a human medical problem in hospital-acquired infections, and usually only in critically ill and immunosuppressed patients.  Today, the AMR phenomena has spread to the point that the general population is considered to be at risk, bringing about an era where many common bacterial infections are becoming increasingly difficult to treat.  One of the significant contributing factors to this changing trend is the spillover of AMR from antibiotic use in poultry and livestock.

The AMR phenomenon has become a global concern as geographic borders among countries and continents have become less distinct due to increasing global trade, expanding human and animal populations, societal advances and technological developments.  Because of this increasing global connectivity, we now see rapid transport of infectious agents and their AMR genes.  This means that AMR, in any obscure microscopic niche anywhere in the world, may consequently exert an impact on the rest of the world.

 

 

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