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  • Veterinarians must understand their significant professional responsibility in preventing AMR by mitigating the emergence and spread of AMR.
  • Several epidemiological and molecular evidence have shown that AMR, as fostered by extensive antibiotic usage in animals, can increase AMR problems among human pathogens.
  • Animal-related AMR can impact human health via increased in human morbidity, increased human mortality, reduced efficacy of related antibiotics used for people, increased human healthcare costs, increased carriage and dissemination and facilitated emergence of resistance in human pathogens
  • Imprudent and excessive use of veterinary antibiotics can contaminate the soil and aquatic environment.
  • Antimicrobial resistance is a global problem, in that AMR resistance anywhere in the world can rapidly spread internationally.
  • Some factors that contribute to AMR include: global changes in production systems brought about by increasing demand for food, changing trends in animal trading, increased movement of animals and animal by-products and the lack of global initiative to control AMR.
  • In response to this growing health concern, a number of national and international agencies are monitoring antimicrobial usage and rates of AMR in animals, food and people.  These agencies are also enacting regulations aimed at mitigating the growing AMR problem.




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